How to Structure Your Programming Code

I remember my first fumble with basic on my ZX Spectrum computer back in the 1980s, ploughing through pages of basic commands and example code without any real idea of how I could write programs myself. It was like reading a dictionary where I could learn certain words and their meanings with limited information on how I could construct them into entire sentences to write a document. Every programmer who has dabbled in basic has probably come across the famous “Hello Word” routine which consists of a two-line program that prints this phrase unlimited times on the screen.

Your program code needs to be written as step-by-step instructions using the commands that your choice of programming language understands. It means reading your programming manual to learn which commands you need to use for what you want your program to do. In the “Hello World” example you would first need a command that prints “Hello World” onto the screen, and then you would need a second command to print it again multiple times, without writing multiple print statements.

Check out this example. To make things simple I am using old-school basic with line numbers – probably because I’m a retro-freak.

10 print “Hello World” 
20 goto 10

The best structure for writing any program code is to make it clear and easy to follow. Some programmers put multiple commands on one line which can make your code difficult to follow if you are trying to iron out bugs. Spreading your code over multiple lines actually makes the program work better and becomes more readable.

Another recommended practice is to separate each part of your program code using REM Statements. REM (short for Remark) allows you to put comments before each section of code to remind you what each part does. This is especially useful if you wish to edit your code at a later date.

10 rem Set Up Variables 
20 let A=1: let B=2 
30 rem ******* 
40 rem Print Variables to Screen 
50 rem ******* 
60 print A,B

Anything after the REM command is ignored by the computer and you can use as many REM statements as you want to make bigger gaps in your code for easy reading. Other programming languages allow you to use blank lines or indent the first line of the routine.

Now I will show you how to structure the entire program code. Remember that the computer needs to follow step-by-step instructions so you need to write each instruction in the order you want it to run.


Set up screen resolution and variables: The first section of your program would set the screen resolution and the variables.

Read information into arrays: If you have information you want to put into an array using the DIM command then you can use a For/Next loop and the READ command. It is best to place the data statements for the array to read from at the end of your program.

Set up main screen: This is the section where you would use a subroutine (GOSUB Command) to set up the main screen. In a shoot-em-up type game you would have a routine that draws the sprites and game screen and then returns to the next line of the code it came from.

Main Program Loop: Once the program is up and running the main program loop jumps to various routines using subroutines and then returns to the next line in the loop.

Program Routines: It is good structure to place all the programming routines after the main loop. You would have separate routines that update the screen, check for joystick input, check for collision detection and so on. After each check you return to the main loop.

Data Statements: Finally you can list all the data statements at the end of the program which makes it easier to find and correct if need be.


Creating your code with plenty of REM Statements and short lines makes your code look cleaner and easier to follow. There may be a time you want to improve the program or use a routine for another program.

Why Hybrid Is An Ideal Platform For Launching Your First App

Why Hybrid Is An Ideal Platform For Launching Your First App

Nowadays there’s a mobile app for everything such as ridesharing, dating, finance, gaming, seeking medical help, music and they can do nearly anything you can imagine. The massive influx of mobile applications has no doubt changed the world. They have become an inextricable part of our daily life and have changed the focus from what’s on the Web, to the apps on our mobile device. Most of the operators now have music & video streaming apps with a rich content library.

Apps are here to stay for a long time. In short, they have become a thriving business segment. The mobile usage surpassed desktop, with the majority of all digital media time being spent on mobile apps. Low development costs and ease of publishing made mobile app development an attractive alternative to desktop apps for the businesses of all sizes. But the reality is, businesses that are launching apps have to make sure their apps could stand out the fierce competition. As the smartphone makers are continuously delivering devices with excellent features, app developers are also not lagging behind as they are creating apps for every need, want and occasion.

According to the experts of the mobile app developers, as the technology is rapidly changing, brands need to reshape their strategies before coming up with an exclusive app for their businesses. Once you intend to realize your mobile app idea, it’s time to validate it and narrow down the platform on which you ideally would like to build your mobile application. Selecting a platform is perhaps the most important decision you need to make. It is not only a stepping stone but also the integral part of the success of your brand.

Switching to the Hybrid Platform

Opting for the hybrid platform could prove to be a game-changing decision for launching your first app. Mobile development is always changing, and hybrid development is constantly improving as well, making it an increasingly popular option. Unlike a pure web app, a hybrid app can fully utilize all the features available in the smart device and can be downloaded from the app stores just like Native Apps. Hybrid mobile apps don’t have that “mobile web” browser look because they can include native hardware features.

Take a look at the Combination of Technologies Utilized for Building Hybrid Mobile Apps

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • JavaScript

The application development is faster, simpler, more rapid and the application is easier to maintain. Hybrid apps are also popular because

they give the flexibility of cross-platform development that helped a lot to curtail the entire development costs.

In terms of performance, ease of use, functionality and flexibility- hybrid is truly remarkable. The seamless, multi-device sync capability is the real reason behind the enormous acceptability of this platform. It is a fact that the emergence of hybrid revolutionized the whole app development arena and has a huge contribution in building top-notch apps with amazing features.

The real value of hybrid apps stems from the fact that by building only one app, you are able to reach the users of multiple device users such as Android, iOS and Windows. Only a portion of native code has to be re-written to make the app work on the different kinds of devices available. Business don’t have to build separate apps for all supported mobile platforms and lets you extend DevOps to your mobile apps, too. For the end user, the experience of using the app seems quite fluid, with a lightning-fast loading time.

Even a few years ago, it was quite hard to find a solution of a problem that may arrive during development stage. But now things have changed rapidly as there is a huge and growing hybrid support community out there where developers around the world are ready to help you 24/7. In this fast-paced world, hybrid moves you faster from idea to app than native.

Rony Sneijder is a technical writer renowned for offering in-depth information on the very latest in the tech world. He is renowned for offering readers mostly entrepreneurs how they can navigate the complex field of mobile app development and take their business to a new height.

Digital Approach – Way Ahead

Digital Approach – Way Ahead

We have been talking about digital journey. Old uncertain approaches won’t deliver; you need absolute clarity about digital’s demands, customer’s digital vision, strong leadership and unparalleled agility. If there is one theme I hear consistently it’s that consumers expect the brands they engage with to provide a flawless digital experience in their interactions. That’s applicable to all type of industry, be it retail, information technology or some other and all has their own way of defining digital experience.

I have witnessed recently few stores in my locality, one was going out of business (Toys”R”Us) and other was heading towards transformation (Target) with new consumer experience. Reason for out of business could be different but mostly, companies born before the digital age must substantially transform in order to remain relevant and which starts from digitally transform small business processes which are key consumer experience.

We know this from experience, on average, resources don’t move between business units in large organizations. And this holds doubly true for digital approach, which demands special attention. Project Managers in many organizations lack clarity on what “digital” means for approach. They underestimate the degree to which digital is disrupting their businesses, accounts and projects. They also overlook the speed with which digital ecosystems are blurring industry boundaries and shifting the competitive balance. What’s more, responding to digital by building new businesses and shifting resources away from old ones can be threatening to individual project managers and executives, who may therefore be slow to embrace the needed change.

In my experience, the only way for leaders to cut through inactivity is to take bold steps to understand below areas-

You should fight resistance to change. You should understand customer’s vision on digital journey through programmatic efforts. You should envisage strong digital approach by inspecting outcome as you go. And you should fight impossibility of knowing- a constant challenge given the simultaneous need to digitize your core and innovate with new business processes.

1. Resistance to change

Many project managers and senior executives aren’t fully fluent in what digital is, much less up to speed on the ways it can change how their businesses operate or the competitive context. That’s challenging. Project managers who aren’t acquainted with digital are much more likely to fall prey to the “shiny object” syndrome: investing in cool digital technologies without a clear understanding of how they will generate value in their own accounts/projects. They also are more likely to make fragmented, overlapping, or sub-scale digital investments; to pursue initiatives in the wrong order; or to skip foundational moves that would enable more advanced ones to pan out. Finally, this lack of grounding slows down the rate at which a business deploys new digital technologies. In an era of powerful first-mover advantages, winners routinely lead the pack in leveraging cutting-edge digital technologies at scale to pull further ahead. Having only a remedial understanding of trends and technologies has become dangerous.

Improve your technology skills –

For inspiration on how to raise your accounts collective technology skills, consider the experience of a global IT firm that knew it had to digitize but didn’t think its leadership team had the expertise to drive the needed changes. The company created a digital training portal to help educate its leadership about relevant digital trends and technologies. Training leaders also brought in external experts on a few topics the company lacked sufficient internal expertise to address.

Supplementing the training effort was an organization-wide assessment of digital capabilities and an evaluation of the company’s culture. This provided a fact base, which everyone could understand, about what the organization needed to build over the course of the digital transformation. This may helped project managers and executives to get ready on new technology skills.

2. Understand customer’s vision on digital journey

Getting left behind by digital first movers can be dangerous to your projects/accounts future. But many of account heads or executives may perceive responding to digital-making the big bets, building new businesses, shifting resources away from old ones-as hazardous to their own future. If you want to make big digital moves, you must understand customer’s vision on digital journey and fight the fear that your top team and managers will inevitably experience.

Projects that succeed in creating a digital customer value proposition don’t get there by accident. They develop a clear vision of how they will meet their customers’ digital needs, set objectives against that vision, and execute – often over the course of multiple years. Often times, projects that are not succeeding simply haven’t painted a clear picture of what they want – or need – to be when they digitally “grow up.”

Design a programmatic effort –

You need to design a programmatic effort with the same rigor you would insist on to redesign key processes across your accounts or projects. This typically involves making a clear case that executives can’t hide from the changes digital is bringing and that encouraging and accelerating change – rather than chasing it – can create more value. Then you need to give executives the tools and support network they must have to succeed as leaders of that journey. Two important points where entire focus should go –

First, be on top of technology trends, which includes keeping apprised of relevant emerging technology and shifts in consumer behavior as it pertains to technology.

Second, establish processes designed to generate portfolios of potential ideas for the future state of the customer journey. These processes should allow your account to create business hypotheses and vet and test them via customer research. In turn, new ideas can be aligned to the vision for how the customer of the future should interact with the brand or business processes, iterating along the way as more learnings come in

3. Strong digital approach

Pursuing an aggressive digital approach involves leaps into the unknown: simultaneously, you are likely to be moving into new areas and fixing existing businesses with new technologies. What’s more, in many digital projects, the premium of being a first mover makes it necessary not only to shift direction but also to do so faster than your peers. The combination of ambiguity and the need for speed sometimes gives rise to guesswork and moves that are hasty or poorly thought out-and to anxiety about whether a move isn’t going to work or just needs more time hence strong digital approach with multistage to vet outcomes

Inspect outcomes as you go –

One way to battle guesswork is to anchor your approach decisions to a thesis about the business outcomes that different digital investments will produce. This is more about thinking that draws fast, ground-level lessons from the data to determine whether your business logic is correct. Put another way, it means figuring out if there is sufficient value to make it worthwhile to invest something-as part of a process of learning even more. This approach increases the odds of successful implementation: a well-articulated view of the outcomes means that you can track how well the approach is working.

4. Fighting – Impossibility of knowing

Most companies including mine, we know are trying, and struggling, to do two things at once: to reinvent the core by digitizing and automating some of its key elements, for example, and to create innovative new digital businesses. The challenge is acute because of the dizzying pace of digital change and the uncertainty surrounding the adoption of new technology. Even if the technology for autonomous vehicles pans out, for instance, when will the majority of people really begin to use them? Given the impossibility of knowing, it’s easy to wind up with an unfocused hodgepodge of digital initiatives.

Experimentation rethinking

Real success in digital is rarely about providing the exact same products and services, just through a digital pipe. Netflix shifted from DVDs to streaming. Uber created the world’s largest car service without buying any vehicles or hiring any drivers. Companies that successfully “cross the chasm” to digital effectiveness often discover they need to provide for free what they used to charge for, sell as a subscription what used to be “a la carte,” and re-think how they derive revenue from the value that they create. Those that do so flexibly can often find that the adoption of a digital strategy or approach offers more scale, revenue and profit than the legacy approach, but it takes experimentation, an assumption of risk, and – to be blunt – some failure along the way.

Today’s leaders need to step up by persuading their organizations, accounts and projects that digital approach may be tougher than other approaches but are potentially more rewarding – and well worth the bolder bets and cultural reforms required, first, to survive and, ultimately, to thrive. Your best digital opponents – the ones you really need to worry about – aren’t taking small steps. Neither can you. This doesn’t mean that a digital approach must be designed or put to work with any less confidence than approaches were in the past, though. Approach has always required closing gaps in knowledge about complex markets, inspiring leadership team to go beyond their fears and reluctance to act.

What Is The Best Platform to Develop Web Applications?

What Is The Best Platform to Develop Web Applications?

Before creating a web application,it is imperative that you identify the framework on which you will develop it. Frameworks serve as platforms of support for building a web application and can complement the features that you’re planning for your web app. If you’re partial to a specific programming language, you might want to pick a framework that works well with that language. Below are some web application frameworks currently popular among developers:

1.Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails is an open-source, server-side web application framework. Rails also happens to be an Model-View-Controller (MVC) framework providing default structures for a database, a web service, and web pages. Its long list of success stories includes Basecamp, GitHub, AirBnB, Twitch, and SoundCloud. Rails also has an amazingly friendly developer community. Any framework with an active community is a godsend for upcoming developers. You’ll have access to a treasure trove of resources, guides, and case studies. We personally recommend Rails because it’s an open source, one that comes with a large reference library and some great tools to create feature-centric apps.


Codeigniter is a robust PHP framework that is simple to use and also features a great toolkit to create web applications. In addition to being extremely lightweight, this framework comes with excellent documentation that is very easy to understand. It has a good collection of libraries, making it easy to learn, adopt, and deploy. Codeigniter is known to offer flexibility and easy management with the help of an MVC-based framework. Codeigniter allows you to use its own existing scripts alongside your personal core libraries. It is a framework that is free from complex structures and tedious developmental procedures. If you’re a newbie PHP coder, Codeigniter is a good place to start.


Before you get started with Node.JS, we suggest you give Express.js a quick look. Express.js is a prebuilt Node.js framework that allows you to create server-side web applications faster, smarter, and with more flexibility and scalability. You get, firstly, a performance level that matches that of a Node.js framework and, secondly, a robust set of features for web and mobile apps. You can build single-page, multi-page,or hybrid web applications with Express.js. Express is written in JavaScript, making it very easy to program for. Some developers argue that working on Express cuts down their programming time in half. With 5 years of development behind Express, it’s safe to say that this is a mature platform to work with. The error handling can be a little frustrating as you may get lost in the middleware. This framework is recommended for advanced developers.


AngularJSmay ring a bell to you if you have been following the development of YouTube and Netflix. It is an open source framework that is maintained by Google and a few other development communities. AngularJS is one of the most popularJavaScript frameworks. This framework allows developers to extend HTML vocabulary for website development. It has a short loading time and is great for testability. AngularJS is great for video streaming apps, user-review apps, travel apps, weather apps, e-commerce, and social media apps (LinkedIn uses AngularJS for its mobile app). AngularJS implements the MVC method.As it uses HTML as a declarative language, it’s pretty intuitive. AngularJS is great for rapid front-end development as it doesn’t need any other plugins or frameworks. AngularJS is managed by Google, so there’s a huge community out there for you to learn from.


Any description of Ember.jswould be incomplete without stating its grand purpose: Ember.js is designed “for creating ambitious web applications”. Take for instance Apple Music; now that’s an ambitious application, an incontestable proof that Ember.js is a serious framework. From single-page web applications to mobile apps and even desktop apps, Ember.js supports it all. Ember.js also focuses on the model and controller aspects of MVC that most other frameworks don’t do justice to. Ember has addressed these issues and slapped on a great UI for amazing client-side functionality. Ember offers a complete development stack and tons of stability. Although most developers tend to pick frameworks such as Angular, Ember’s backward compatibility feature puts it in a unique position as a framework.


CakePHP offers a full-stack framework and is considered to be one of the most comprehensive PHP frameworks out there. Its seamless configuration makes it highly popular among developers. CakePHP allows developers to pull any utility classes into their own apps or use custom router classes to create a micro-framework. CakePHP boasts a rich query API and supports all kinds of database drivers or database types for both PDO and native drivers. CakePHP is perfect for budget-friendly web app development and also works with the MVC coding method.


Phalcon is an open source PHP framework. It is also one of the fastest PHP frameworks out there. Phalcon was developed with innovative architecture and features some of the lowest overheads for an MVC-based application. Phalcon usesfewer resources and yet gives high performance. It can handle more HTTP requeststhan other frameworks because it is written in the C language. Phalcon is easily modifiable and can be compiled for customized use.

8.Zend Framework

Zend framework is an open source object-oriented web application framework for PHP 5. Zend framework provides an advanced MVC implementation that can be used to establish a basic structure for Zend framework web applications. Zend also supports multiple database systems and vendors. It has a flexible caching subsystem with support for many types of back-ends. AJAX is also supported via JSON on the Zend framework,thus proving to be advantageous to both the customer and the developer. Zend is a fan favorite amongst veteran developers and continues to be popularly used in the industry. is a web app development platform that is perfect for building desktop and mobile applications. uses the HTTP protocol and optimizes HTTP commands. Built on Common Language Runtime (CLR), is great for creating large apps with less coding. Writing code for is as easy as deploying it. is a strong environment where memory leaks and infinite loops can be quickly spotted and neutralized.

10 Symfony

Symfony is a PHP web development framework. Performance testing is a core feature of Symfony-one of the reasons developers choose to work with it. In addition, multiple developers can effortlessly manage a Symfony project. However, Symfony is recommended for veteran developers who know their way around multiple frameworks, because the learning curve can be quite steep.

Here’s How CRM Can Help You Expand Your Business!

Here’s How CRM Can Help You Expand Your Business!

It really doesn’t matter if you are a small or large business. If you want to outrank your competitors and dominate your competition – you need a CRM to manage your manpower (customers and/or employees). With the help of a well-managed CRM, you can reach the right customers, at the right time – thereby enhancing the overall customer experience and retaining your most valued customers.

More and more businesses are deploying CRM systems to manage their human resources. Have you ever wondered why so many giants across the industry are investing many millions after custom CRM development services?

Statistics say,

  • Using CRM can help improve your sales productivity by 34%
  • Just 5% increase in customer retention can increase business profits by 25% – 95% & 47% CRM users recorded a significant impact.
  • 86% customers are willing to pay more for better service, and 75% adults say that good customer service makes them love a brand.
  • The average Return on Investment for using CRM is 8.71$ for every 1$ and 25% sales reps achieve their targets using a mobile CRM.
  • The probability of selling to a new prospect is 5 – 20% and to an existing customer is 60 – 70%.

The statistics themselves are powerful to prove the fact of the matter that – if you are hungry enough to dominate your competition, you should invest in integrating a well-managed CRM system. If you are yet not convinced, here are some benefits of having a CRM system for your business.

Improved Customer Relations:

One of the prime benefits of using a CRM is obtaining better customer satisfaction. By using this strategy, all dealings involving servicing, marketing, and selling your products to your customers can be carried out in an organized and systematic way. You can also provide better services to customers through improved understanding of their issues and this in turn helps in increasing customer loyalty and decreasing customer agitation. In this way, you can also receive continuous feedback from your customers regarding your products and services. It is also possible that your customers recommend you to their acquaintances, when you provide efficient and satisfactory services.

Maximize Upselling & Cross Selling:

A CRM system allows up-selling, which is the practice of giving customers premium products that fall in the same category of their purchase. The strategy also facilitates cross-selling which is the practice of offering complementary products to customers, on the basis of their previous purchases. This is done by interacting with the customers and getting an idea about their wants, needs, and patterns of purchase. The details thus obtained will be stored in a central database, which is accessible to all company executives. So, when an opportunity is spotted, the executives can promote their products to the customers, thus maximizing up-selling and cross-selling.

Grow Your Business:

Over time, a CRM will provide you with accurate information about your sales performance, while it also provides you with new sales and marketing capabilities and options. You will no longer need to rely on guesswork or gut feel to drive your sales and marketing, you will have solid facts you can use to drive the performance and profitability of your business.

Not just that, there are many CRM development companies that can help you grow your business and market your most amazing product.

Be More Productive by Automation:

The bane of a salesperson is the little tasks that take up most of their time. Imagine the amount of leads that come in on a daily basis. Now, if you have to manually check them and update their status and owner, then half your productive day is gone. CRM systems of today come with features that allow you to set rules and tasks and other features to help you automate these routine tasks and concentrate on what you do best: selling!

CRM takes care of all the small stuff allowing you to focus on the major things, the ones that really matter the most.

Final words:

CRM can prove to be a turnaround for your business if implemented in a right way. There are many giants offering custom CRM development services to help you grow your business. With the help of a CRM, you can increase customer loyalty, maximize customer retention ratio, and build an unshakeable brand.